6 Popular Hindu Holy Books: The Base of Spirituality and Culture in India

Hindu Holy Books

Sanatan Dharma is one of the oldest religions in the world. Hinduism has a long history of spiritual practices and philosophical philosophy. The Holy Books in Hinduism are the basis of religious and spiritual knowledge and principles. These books are sources of knowledge and inspiration. Indian Culture and rituals are significantly influenced by these holy books. We are here to introduce you to some of the most important Hindu holy books in short.

Popular Hindu Holy Books

Hindu religious literature is vast and diverse and It’s challenging to provide an exact number of hindu holy books. These books guide their followers in matters of faith, philosophy, and daily life. These Hindu holy books, often called scriptures, hold profound wisdom and insights that have been cherished for centuries. Here is the list of 6 Popular Hindu Holy books-

1. Vedas: Oldest Holy Scripture

The Vedas are regarded as the most revered and ancient holy books in Hinduism. This holy book is thought to have been written between 1500 and 500 BCE. This book was compiled by Maharishi Ved Vyas. The songs, mantras, and rituals found in the Vedas are still practised in Hindu devotion today. They shed light on early Hindu society’s prehistoric culture and beliefs. This book is so scientific that even today we can relate everything written in this book. Know More:- The Vedas; Oldest Holy Scripture

2. 18 Puranas: Mythological and Genealogical Text

The Puranas are a vast collection of text that includes cosmological explanations, genealogies, mythical accounts, and stories. These works are essential for maintaining Hindu mythology and offer knowledge about the numerous gods, their avatars, and the holy worlds. The religious practices, celebrations, and creative expressions all draw inspiration from the Puranas. Know more:- 18 Puranas in Hinduism

3. Upanishads: Spiritual Texts and Philosophical Discourse

The Vedas were followed by the Upanishads, which go into greater detail on Hinduism’s intellectual and metaphysical beliefs. These instructive writings explore the nature of reality, the ego, and the supreme truth. They place a strong emphasis on ideas like Atman (the personal soul) and Brahman (the collective awareness), and they think about the way to freedom (Moksha). The ritualistic Vedic practices and the spiritual desire for self-realization are connected through the Upanishads.

4. Bhagavad Geeta: The Devine Shloka

Bhagavad Geeta is regarded as one of the most significant Hindu holy books. The 700-verse Bhagavad Gita is a text found in the Hindu epic Mahabharata. It is said to have been authored around the second century BCE. In a conversation between Lord Krishna and Arjuna found in the Bhagavad Gita, the Lord offers advice on the virtuous path and the ultimate aim of existence. 

This book relates the lifestyle of every person at all stages of life and gives practical solutions for every problem. This book helps to get yourself stress-free and live your life peacefully. Many Hindus find inspiration in the text, which is frequently studied as a part of spiritual practice. The book is so popular that even non-Hindus read this book and learn the lessons of life. One of the most popular Hindu religious books is Bhagavad Geeta. Know More:- What is Bhagavad Gita?

5. Ramayan: The Epic of Lord Ram

Ramayana is one of the holiest books in Hinduism. It was written in the second century by Maharshi Balmiki and translated by Goswami Tulsi Das. This book is based on the life story of God Ram and Mata Sita. This Holy book includes tales of valour, morality, and fidelity to duty. You can buy this book online from here.

6. Mahabharat: The Epic of Pandavas and Kauravas

Mahabharat is another great epic, that provides a compelling narrative of the war between the moral Pandava princes and their dishonest Kauravas cousins. The Bhagavad Gita is one of many teachings included in this epic written by the sage Ved Vyasa.

The Mahabharata examines difficult moral dilemmas, the results of acts, and the search for justice. It provides broad perspectives on human nature, responsibility, and the ongoing struggle between right and wrong.

Interesting Facts: Hindu Holy Books

Hinduism does not have a fixed number of holy books like some other religions do. Instead, it has a vast and diverse body of sacred texts that are categorized into two main types: Shruti and Smriti.

1. Shruti (that which is heard):

These are considered the most authoritative texts and are believed to be divinely revealed. There are four primary Vedas in this category.

2. Smriti (that which is remembered):

These texts are considered human authorship and include a wide range of scriptures, epics, and treatises. Some of the most well-known Smriti texts include Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Puranas (e.g., Vishnu Purana, Shiva Purana), Manusmriti (Laws of Manu), Upanishads.

In addition to these, there are numerous other texts, scriptures, and writings that are considered sacred or important in Hinduism, depending on the tradition and sect. The number of texts can vary, and

Why Read Holy Books in Hinduism?

The divine teachings contained in these texts, which range from the enduring hymns of the Vedas to the profound philosophical lectures of the Upanishads, provide direction, inspiration, and a greater comprehension of the Hindu way of life. Hinduism’s spiritual heritage is further enriched by the Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana, Mahabharata, and Puranas, which share moral lessons, ethical norms, and enduring tales of devotion and valour. We can learn about the history of Hinduism and gain important insights into how to live in the modern world by investigating and engaging with these holy books.


Indian Culture is greatly influenced by Hinduism even after religious and Cultural Diversity in India. The knowledge, spirituality, and cultural heritage of Hinduism are captured in the Hindu holy books. Let’s embrace the Hindu holy books’ richness and learn from their great knowledge.


Q1: Can non-Hindus read and benefit from Hindu holy books?

A: Yes, the teachings of Hindu scriptures hold universal wisdom that can resonate with people of all backgrounds.

Q2: How many holy books are there in Hinduism?

A: Hinduism does not have a fixed number of holy books like some other religions do. Instead, it has a vast and diverse body of sacred texts that are categorized into two main types: Shruti and Smriti.

Q3: Which Hindu holy book is considered the most essential?

A: The Vedas are often regarded as the foundation of Hinduism, providing the basis for its philosophy and rituals.

Q4: How do the epics Ramayana and Mahabharata contribute to Hindu thought?

A: These epics not only tell captivating stories but also convey profound moral and spiritual teachings.

Q5: Are there any modern interpretations of Hindu holy books?

A: Yes, scholars and spiritual leaders continue to offer contemporary insights into the teachings of Hindu scriptures.