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History of National Flag of India | Tricolor Story

National Flag of India

The tricolor or National Flag of India is the pride of the nation. During the National festival celebration, we hoist our national flag and take oath for the responsibility words our nation. Do you know the history of the national flag of India? Do you know the detailed information about our national flag? 

Here are the details of our tricolor and its journey. At the end of this article, you will know detailed information about our Indian National flag.

National Flag of India

National Flag of India

National Flag Information

National Flag Color Name

The National Flag of India is a horizontal tricolor of deep saffron (Kesari) at the top, white at the middle, and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion. 

National Flag Standard Size

National Emblem of India

History of the National Flag of India

The National Flag of India has come a long way. Its design was changed 6 times, the rules related to it were changed and today the tricolor campaign is being run from house to house.

First National Flag hoisted

Date: 7 August 1906

Location: Parsi Bagan Chowk (now Green Park) in Kolkata

Thousands of people gathered to celebrate 'Boycott Day' to protest against the partition of Bengal. In this demonstration, for the first time, freedom fighter Surendra Nath Banerjee hoisted a flag, which is called the first National Flag of India.

The flag had three stripes of green, yellow, and red. Of these, Vande Mataram was written on the yellow stripe in the middle. On the red stripe at the bottom were pictures of the sun and the half moon. At the same time, 8 lotus flowers were made on the top green strip.

We have learned above about the first National Flag hoisted in the country.

Berlin Committee Flag

On 22 August 1907, Madame Cama and her companions unfurled the Indian flag in Germany. This was called the Berlin Committee Flag.

Three colors were also used in this flag. There were stripes of orange at the top, yellow in the middle, and green at the end. There were 8 stars on the orange stripe. At the same time, Vande Mataram was written in the yellow stripe in the middle. In the green strip at the bottom, there was a picture of a sun and a star above the moon.



In 1916, Bal Gangadhar Tilak's political organization 'Home Rule' made a flag when they were demanding Dominion State from the British. This means that a country that is independent but runs by the law of the British Empire.

On top of this flag was the Union Jack of the British. In addition, there were five red and four green stripes. It also had seven stars. These stars represented the Saptarishi. It had a half moon and a star on it. However, the people of the country did not accept this flag wholeheartedly.



The tricolor flag that we see today began to be made in 1921.

In 1921, Professor Pingali Venkayya of Madras Presidency College showed Mahatma Gandhi the design of a flag. It had red stripes for the country's two major religions, Hindus, and green for Muslims.

Pingali also published a book on the design of flags in 1916. He was in this effort that like other countries, there is a need for such a symbol in India that can connect people of all religions.

Gandhiji liked the idea of ​​ Professor Pingali. Lala Hans Raj Sondhi of Arya Samaj suggested to Pingali that there should be a spinning wheel in the middle of this flag. At that time, the spinning wheel used to be a sign for the people of India to be self-sufficient by making indigenous cloth.

When the matter progressed, Gandhiji had asked to add a white stripe to this flag. Gandhi argued that this color would represent the rest of the religions. In this way, the flag was white at the top, then green and red at the bottom.

At the age of 19, Pingali served in the British Indian Army as a soldier in South Africa. It was here that he was influenced by Gandhiji's ideas and joined the freedom struggle. This is where he got the idea of ​​making a flag for the country. During the South Boer War, Pingali observed that by taking the oath of the flag, the soldier becomes ready for every sacrifice. It came to his mind that he would make such a flag, which would be valid throughout the country.

Venkaiah expressed his intention to design the national flag for the first time in 1906 at the meeting of the All India Congress Committee (AICC) in Calcutta (now Kolkata). He also got the responsibility for this. Pingali studied the national flags of 30 countries from 1916 to 1921 and prepared more than 25 samples.

Finally, Gandhiji asked Venkaiah to show the final design to the Congress meeting in Bezwada. He got the design ready on Khadi in 3 hours.

The final design had red and green stripes. There was a spinning wheel in the middle of it. Both the colors of the flag symbolized the majority population of India i.e. Hindu and Muslim. On the suggestion of Mahatma Gandhi, the white color symbolizing peace was included in the flag.

From 1919 to 1921, Venkaiah continued to keep the idea of ​​the national flag of India in the Congress sessions. Till 1931, the flag made by him continued to be used in all the meetings of Congress. Pingali's flag became the identity of Congress 20 days before independence. The flag of India has changed once again in 1931 and the National Congress Party officially adopted it for the first time. This flag was made of saffron color at the top, white in the middle, and green at the last. In this, a white stripe in the middle of the small size complete spinning wheel was kept. The spinning wheel in the white band is a symbol of the progress of the nation. This Congress flag was associated with nationality for the Indian people.

The Ashok Chakra was added to the present form of the flag by removing the spinning wheel. It became the official identity of the Congress on July 22, 1947, 23 days before independence. When India became independent on 15 August 1947, the tricolor national flag was made.

The purpose of making the national flag of Pingali Venkaiah was to connect all the people of the country.

Official Flag of India

In 1947, a committee was formed under the chairmanship of Dr. Rajendra Prasad. This committee was to decide the first national flag of India. The committee had talked about adopting it as the national flag by making some changes to the flag of the Indian National Congress. In this way, the changed form of this flag made in 1931 was adopted on 22 July 1947. In this flag, the place of the spinning wheel was taken by the Ashok Chakra. In 300 BC, when Emperor Ashoka tried to unite the whole of India, he used it. This Dharma Chakra is also visible in the pillars of the Mauryan Empire.


Some Rules Related to the Tricolor

You have read the journey till the freedom of the tricolor. Now after independence, some rules related to the tricolor know the story of the law and the changes in it.

After independence, two laws related to the national flag tricolor were made in the country –

  1. The Emblem and Name (Prevention of Improper Use) Act, 1950
  2. The Prevention of Insult or Disrespect to National Honor Act, 1971


Indian Flag Code Changed After 55 Years

The Indian Flag Code was changed on 25 January 2002, 55 years after the country's independence. Through this 2 important changes were made…

First: Now on any normal day, the Indian National Flag has been allowed to be put on our homes, offices, and factories. Earlier, flag hoisting was not allowed in homes or private institutions.


Second: In the Flag Code, any kind of disrespect done with the tricolor flag has been said to be considered a crime.

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