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Why is Diwali Celebrated | Know Everything About Diwali

Diwali is a Religious Festival of India. Diwali is one of the Most Important Hindu Festivals in India. Diwali is widely celebrated by many religions such as Hindu, Sikh, Jain, and Bouddh Community all across Indian and in the world. This festival is also known as the Festival of Light. Here are some Short Story about Diwali and many more things that you get to know.


Everything About Diwali

Diwali Meaning

Diwali, also known as Deepavali comes from the Sanskrit word Dipawali meaning “Row or Series of Lights”. It signifies the triumph of light over darkness and good over evil and sees millions of lamps lit at homes, temples, shops, and public buildings across the world.


Diwali Story | Why is Diwali Celebrated?

As the festival comes closer, the question frequently comes to our mind that why is Diwali celebrated? Well, there is a Short History of Diwali. Or you can say Short Story of Diwali.

The festival, which is one of the most significant for those of the Hindu faith, can trace its origins back to ancient times “when the end of the summer harvest the season was celebrated with much pomp and splendor”.

Another main theme of Diwali is the recollection of a story called Ramayan, which details how the Hindu God Rama returned to his kingdom with his wife Sita, and his brother, Lakshman, after 14 years of exile.

To illuminate the path through which they return and in order to guide them home, Diyas (clay lamps) are lit everywhere and the world is bathed in golden hues of light.

Lakshmi, the Hindu goddess of wealth, fortune and prosperity, is also celebrated in Hindu households during the festival.


Sikh Celebrate Diwali

Diwali coincides with the Sikh celebration of Bandi Chhor Divas, a religious holiday that commemorates the release of Sikh Guru Hargobind Ji from the Gwalior Fort in India in the 17th century. 

The Guru, who was imprisoned by the Mughal Emperor Jahangir was standing against the emperor’s regime’s oppression of the Indian people. Loosely translated, Bandi Chhor means ‘release of incarcerated people’. So to Sikhs, the festival represents freedom.


Buddhist Celebrate Diwali/ Jains Celebrate Diwali

Buddhists and Jains “have other historical reasons” for celebrating Diwali.

Diwali is one of the biggest Religious Festivals of India. Hindus celebrate by bursting firecrackers, lighting Diyas or Earthen lamps, cleaning and decorating their homes, buying new clothes, and making hand-painted Rangoli designs in their living rooms and courtyards. Prayers are offered to Goddess Lakshmi for prosperity. 

Diwali signifies the victory of good over evil. The festival marks the return of Lord Rama after defeating the demon king Ravana. Bonfires are lit to burn away evil spirits.


When Is Diwali in 2020, 2021 and 2022?

Diwali falls in either October or November each year, depending on the cycle of the moon. It's observed on the 15th day of Kartik, the holiest month in the Hindu lunar calendar.

  • In 2020, Diwali is on November 14.

  • In 2021, Diwali is on November 4.
  • In 2022, Diwali is on October 24.


5 Days of Diwali

Diwali is celebrated throughout the country over 5 days, between the middle of October and early November. The dates vary by a few days every year.








Day 1

2 November 2021


Dhanteras or Dhanvantari Day

Day 2

3 November 2021


Hanuman Puja or Chhoti Diwali

Day 3

4 November 2021


Lakshmi Puja or Diwali

Day 4

5 November 2021


Govardhan Puja

Day 5

6 November 2021


Bhai Dooj

Day 1 – Dhanteras or Dhanvantari day

Dedicated to the main avatar of Vishnu, an important Hindu God. This is a day of prayers for good health and fortune. Food is offered to Lord Vishnu. Incidentally, Lord Rama is believed to be an incarnation of Vishnu.

Day 2 – Hanuman Puja or Chhoti Diwali

Also known as Naraka Chaturdashi to celebrate the victory of Lord Krishna over the Naraka demon. Lamps are lit up in Krishna temples across the state. In fact, many will celebrate Diwali only on this one day, and go about their everyday life on the other days.

Day 3 – Lakshmi Puja or Diwali

To offer prayers to the Goddess of Wealth, Lakshmi, and also Lord Ganesha. Homes are decorated with lights.

Day 4 – Govardhan Puja

Celebrated mostly by the North Indians, marking how Krishna protected people from the anger of God Indra. Food decorated in pyramid form is offered to everyone.

Day 5 – Bhai Dooj 

The last day of Diwali, a day when people visit their relatives and friends with sweets and other gifts. Prayers are offered for good wealth and fortune.

What Rituals are Performed?

The rituals vary according to region. However, special blessings are given to Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesha, the remover of obstacles.

It's believed that Goddess Lakshmi will visit every home during the Diwali period, bringing with her prosperity and good fortune. It’s said that she visits the cleanest houses first; therefore people make sure their houses are spotless before lighting lamps to invite her in.

This cleaning also symbolizes purification of the mind to remove negativity, clutter, and ignorance. Small statues of the goddess are worshiped in people’s homes.


Diwali Symbols

Every Diwali, elsewhere in India, you will always see people decorating their homes with lamps or Diyas, Rangoli designs, Swastika symbols, and there are bonfires and fireworks too. These are the common symbols of the festival, but there is a deeper meaning and significance behind each of them.

The Swastika Symbol and Shubh-Labh 

The Swastika is for Lord Ganesha. According to Hindu customs, every new work, including a festival, can start only after paying a tribute to the Lord. You will find this symbol at the entrance of homes, business offices, and even banks. In one avatar, the Lord married Riddhi and Siddhi. The two lines at the side of the Swastika are for the two consorts of Ganesha. Shubh stands for “good”, while Labh means “profit”. They are the two sons of Ganesha.

Diya or Earthen Lamps  

Diya Decoration
Diya Decoration

Almost every home is decorated with Diyas, which are earthen lamps. They are put up in every corner, even just outside the entrance. The light is a symbol of goodness to fight off evil. The Diya’s oil represents dirt (hatred, jealousy, greed, lust, etc.), which we all have, and which makes us impure. We fight off evil by burning off the oil and emitting the light. This helps us become enlightened and pure.

Fireworks and Bonfires 

diwali firecrackers
Diwali Firecrackers

According to Hindu mythology, the evil king Narkasur could only be killed by his mother Bhumi Devi, but she was already dead. So in a way, Narkasur was immortal. God Indra requested Krishna to do something about this. Krishna in turn asked Satyabhama, his wife, was a reincarnation of Bhumi Devi to help him.

In a fight that followed, Krishna was heavily injured by Narkasur. Satyabhama was furious after seeing this and killed Narakasura with a weapon. But before his death, Narkasur asked for a boon from his mother. Krishna then said that everyone will celebrate his death by bursting firecrackers, bonfires, distributing sweets, and lighting their homes.

Goddess Lakshmi

One of the most important Hindu Gods, Lakshmi symbolizes happiness, wealth, and prosperity. She is also the symbol of progress. However, it is not just for material gains. Goddess Lakshmi also stands for the spiritual growth of the body and the mind.

How is it celebrated?

As Diwali is a celebration of light triumphing over darkness, those who observe the festival typically decorates their homes with a plethora of lights.


Top 8 Diwali Traditions

Here are some of the most common Diwali Traditions and Diwali Celebration with their meanings.

Cleaning The Home

This is the time for making repairs, cleaning, and throwing away unwanted things. People will also routinely clean their homes in preparation for Diwali. “In India every year, houses are cleaned, often renovated, and always illuminated with sparkling fairy lights and oil lamps.

Diwali Gift & Sweets

Gifts and sweets are also exchanged during Diwali like they wish for a “Happy Diwali”. While Diwali is "probably best experienced in India", it is a global celebration.

During Diwali, a variety of traditional sweets and savory dishes are consumed. Gifts are given to both younger, older family members, and friends.

Traditionally, new clothes or sweets were given away. But now people are even gifting food baskets, dry fruits, electronic appliances, and gift vouchers.

Sweets are made at home and given away to friends, relatives, and neighbors. Those who cannot prepare at home will buy it from shops.

Diwali Shopping

This is one of the biggest shopping seasons in India. Everyone will buy clothes and wear them. This is another way of getting rid of evil and moving forward, not looking back into the past. On the first day of Diwali, many will buy silver and gold coins, or utensils for the kitchen.

Diwali Decoration & Lights

Diyas or Earthen lamps along with candles are lit up to burn off evil so that we can become pure internally. The homes are then decorated with lanterns, ribbons, strings, and lights. It is also done to prevent evil from entering the home.

Diwali Rangoli

Hand-painted complicated Rangoli designs can be seen at the entrance of homes to capture evil and prevent it from entering. Many doorways and foyers are decorated with Rangoli; beautiful, intricate patterns on the floor that are created using materials including rice, colored sand, and flower petals.


Celebration of victory of good over evil.

Diwali Parties

Friends and family come together to celebrate.

What to Expect During the Festival

Diwali is a family-orientated festival. The lights make it a very warm and atmospheric occasion and it's observed with much joy and happiness. However, be prepared for lots of loud noise from the fireworks and firecrackers going off. The air also becomes filled with smoke from the firecrackers, which can add to breathing difficulties.

If you're visiting India around the time of Diwali, you should always remember that it is one of the Most Important Hindu Festivals in India. So be aware that this is a peak travel time for Indians, not only during the festival but for a couple of weeks afterward (due to Diwali school holidays). Trains will be heavily booked and popular destinations will be crowded.


Safety Information

It's a good idea to protect your hearing with earplugs during Diwali, especially if your ears are sensitive. Some crackers are extremely loud and sound more like explosions. The noise is very damaging to hearing. If you're in Delhi around the time of Diwali, you may also want to consider wearing a mask as pollution has skyrocketed to unsafe levels in recent years.

Also Read-

Short Essay on Diwali in English | Short Paragraph on Diwali

Essay on Diwali Celebration | Diwali Festival Essay

Diwali Festival Wishes | Diwali Festival Quotes

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