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28 States of India and Their Languages

 

28 States of India and Their Languages

India has 28 states and 8 union territories. As we know that India is known for its diversity and culture, each states has their own culture in the form of language dress, food, song, dance etc.



At present, Indian has 28 States and 8 Union Territories (UT's). States are governed by their elected Government and Chief Minister as their elected head. The Central Government administers Union Territories for various reasons like administrative feasibility, security, and much more.


India is also known for its diverse languages and we take pride in the fact that the language varies after a few km. Along with the States and Capitals of India, you must learn the languages of India too.


Indian Constitution recognizes 22 languages under the Eighth Schedule. We have curated a list of 28 States of India, their capitals and languages. We have divided the list into the official languages and languages spoken in the state.


Here we are going to talk about 28 States and their languages in detail.

 

S. N.

Name of State

Capital Name

Official Language

Language

1

Andhra Pradesh

Hyderabad

Telugu

Telugu, Urdu, Hindi, Tamil and Marathi

2

Assam

Itanagar

English

Nishi, Adi, Bengali, Nepali and Hindi

3

Arunachal Pradesh

Dispur

Assamese

Assamese, Bengali, Hindi, Bodo, Nepali

4

Bihar

Patna

Hindi

Hindi (Bhojpuri and Magadhi dialects), Maithili, Urdu, Bengali and Santali

5

Chhattisgarh

Raipur

Hindi

Hindi (Chhattisgarhi), Odia, Bengali, Telugu and Marathi

6

Gujarat

Panaji

Konkani

Konkani, Marathi, Hindi, Kannada and Urdu

7

Goa

Gandhinagar

Gujarati

Gujarati, Hindi, Sindhi, Marathi and Urdu

8

Haryana

Chandigarh

Hindi

Hindi (Haryanvi and Mewati dialects), Punjabi, Urdu, Bengali and Maithili

9

Himachal Pradesh

Shimla

Hindi

Hindi, Punjabi, Nepali, Kashmiri and Dogri

10

Jharkhand

Ranchi

Hindi

Hindi (Bhojpuri, Magadhi, and Nagpuri dialects), Santhali, Bengali, Urdu and Odia

11

Karnataka

Bangalore

Kannada

Kannada, Urdu, Telugu, Tamil and Marathi

12

Kerala

Thiruvananthapuram

Malayalam

Malayalam, Tamil, Tulu, Kannada and Konkani

13

Madhya Pradesh

Bhopal

Hindi

Hindi, Marathi, Urdu, Sindhi and Gujarati

14

Mizoram

Aizawl

Mizo, English & Hindi

Mizo, English, Hindi, Manipuri and Chakma

15

Manipur

Imphal

Meitei (Manipuri)

Manipuri, Nepali, Hindi and Bengali

16

Maharashtra

Mumbai

Marathi

Marathi

17

Meghalaya

Shillong

English

Khasi, Garo, Bengali Nepali and Hindi

18

Nagaland

Kohima

English

Ao, Konyak, Angami,

Sema and Lotha

19

Odisha

Bhubaneswar

Odia

Odia, Bengali, Telugu Hindi and Santali

20

Punjab

Chandigarh

Punjabi

Punjabi and Hindi

21

Rajasthan

Jaipur

Hindi

Rajasthani and Hindi

22

Sikkim

Gangtok

English

Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali,

Lepcha, Limbu

23

Tamil Nadu

Chennai

Tamil

Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Urdu, and Malayalam

24

Telangana

Hyderabad

Telugu

Telugu, Urdu, Marathi Kannada and Hindi

25

Tripura

Agartala

Bengali, English & Kokborok

Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakiborak

26

Uttarakhand

Dehradun

Hindi

Hindi (including the Garhwali, Kumaoni, and Jaunsari dialects)

27

Uttar Pradesh

Lucknow

Hindi

Hindi (including Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha and Khari Boli dialects)

28

West Bengal

Kolkata

Bengali

Bengali

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